Energy label is a document, the objective of which is to give an information about how much does a building with the assurance of internal climate consume energy in comparison with the avarage energy consumption of other equivalent buildings.
Energy consumption may include the amount of energy that is needed for heating, cooling, water heating, ventilation and lighting of a building.
As of January 1, 2009, the persons who wish to buy or rent a residential property have the right to demand energy label of the building. The existence of the energy label has to be ensured by the owner of the building.
Energy label may be issued by the undertakings that are in conformity with the requirements of the Building Act and that are entered to the Register of Economic Activities http://mtr.mkm.ee.
Legal basis for issuing the energy label is the Regulation No. 107 of 17 December 2008 of the Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications “Form of Energy Performance Certificate and Issuing Procedure”.
The energy label shows the energy savings of the property to be acquired. The higher the energy efficiency class (from A to G) of the building is, the lower are the electricity and heating invoices in the future.
There are two types of energy label in Estonia:
- Common energy label (or energy performance certificate) that is issued for the existing building with the assurance of internal climate. This energy label may be issued by an undertaking that performs energy audits or issues energy labels. Validity period of an energy label that is issued by an undertaking that performs energy audits or issues energy labels is 10 years as of the issuing of such certificate.
- Calculated energy label that are given to new or significantly reconstructed buildings with the assurance of internal climate. Calculated energy label may be issued by a designing company. The validity period of the energy label that is issued by the designing company is ten years and this period starts with the start of the guarantee period of the building.